The International Day of Peace is observed on the 21st of September every year. It was established in 1981 at the United Nations Assembly. Twenty years later in 2001, it was unanimously voted to designate this day as a period of peace. The UN has declared this day as one devoted to “strengthening the ideals of peace, through observing 24 hours of non-violence and cease-fire.”
The UN security council has primary responsibility for international peace and security. It accomplishes this by deploying peacemakers, working to prevent conflict, and helping parties in conflict make peace. They also use special envoys and political missions in the field. Peacemaking has been proven to be the most effective way to help countries in conflict. Peacebuilding activities reduce the risk of more conflict and help lay the foundation for sustainable peace and development. In regards to terrorism, the UN in September 2006 adopted the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy.
This year as we heal from the global COVID-19 pandemic, the mission is to help everyone recover better for a sustainable and equitable world. There are over 100 countries that have not received a single dose of the Covid-19 vaccine. Areas of war and conflict are vulnerable because of a lack of access to healthcare. In February 2021, the UN security council passed a resolution for all member states to “support a sustained humanitarian pause” to local conflicts. This global ceasefire must continue to ensure that people vulnerable to conflicts have access to life-saving treatments and vaccinations.
Another area of peace that will be focused on is the environment. Despite everything going on in the world, climate change has not stopped. Peace Day serves as a reminder that we need a green and sustainable global economy that reduces emissions, provides jobs, and protects against climate impacts.